Reprints and Permissions

Welcome to our Permissions and Reprints page. Here you will find information about how to request permission to reproduce content published in our journals and web publications as well as information on how to order multiple copies of a single article for distribution in paper or electronic formats.


Use Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service to obtain permission to copy, reproduce, or republish content from:


Science Immunology

Science Robotics

Science Signaling

Science Translational Medicine

If you are seeking permission to use content from Science Advances or other AAAS publications and websites, please scroll down to the Special Permissions Request Guidelines for further instructions.

With the RightsLink service, it is faster and easier than ever before to secure permission to reuse material in your thesis, journal article, book, newsletter, or other publication. Simply visit, click on the applicable journal, and locate your desired content. Once you have found the article you are looking for:

  • Click on the article
  • Look for the Information icon in the widget menu on the full text article
screenshot of information icon on a Science article page
  • Click on the Information icon
  • Click on the “Get Permission” link and follow the prompts to submit your request and secure permission

Confirmation of your permission and a copy of the permission license will be sent to you instantly via email.

If you have questions about using the RightsLink service, please contact customer support at [email protected].

If you are unable to locate the material you wish to use or you are unable to secure the rights you are seeking, please email us at [email protected], providing the details outlined below.

Note to authors of Science journal articles:

If you are the author of an article that was published in a Science journal, you retain the rights to use your paper and its contents as permitted under the License to Publish that you agreed to during the submission process. If you wish to use your paper in ways that are not covered under the License to Publish, please submit your request to our Permissions Department in accordance with the guidelines below.

Special Permissions Request Guidelines

While RightsLink processes the most requested uses, it does not grant permissions for all types of uses and does not grant permissions for the use of content published in all AAAS publications (e.g., Science Advances). You might be directed to contact the AAAS Permissions Department directly, depending upon your request. If you are prompted to contact us, please email us the following details (use the list below by copying and pasting it into your email to ensure a timely response):

  1. Your name, institution, and title
  2. Your complete mailing address, email address, and phone number

Then, identify the AAAS material you wish to use:

  1. AAAS publication title (journal title or website name/URL)
  2. Article title
  3. Authors’ names
  4. Volume number, issue date, page numbers, DOI (provide all that apply)
  5. Specific figure numbers or portion of text (or supply a copy)

Next, include the following information about your publication/project:

  1. Type of work in which AAAS material will be used (e.g., book, journal, newsletter, poster, etc.)
  2. Title of that work (the book/journal/newsletter, etc. in which you are reproducing the AAAS material)
  3. Title of the specific article/chapter in which you are reproducing the AAAS material (if applicable)
  4. Author(s)/editor(s)
  5. Expected publication date (or volume and issue number for journals)
  6. Publishing company
  7. Retail price (for books only)
  8. The formats your work will be distributed in (e.g., print, electronic, print and electronic)
  9. The rights you are seeking

When you have included all pertinent information, please email your request to [email protected]. All requests are reviewed and responded to in the order of receipt. All responses will be emailed, and if permission is granted, the terms and conditions and any permissions fees will be emailed as an attachment. Our turnaround time ranges between three to six weeks, depending upon the volume of requests we receive and the complexity of your request.


Author reprints*

If you are the author of the article that was published in a Science journal or on a Science website, you retain the rights to use your paper and its contents as permitted under the License to Publish that you agreed to during the submission process.   If you wish to use your paper in ways that are not covered under the License to Publish, please submit your request to our Permissions Department in accordance with the guidelines above.

Author reprints are administered and produced by Sheridan Reprints. For information or to place an order, click here and use our author reprint order form, or contact:

Cindy Eyler
The Sheridan Press
450 Fame Avenue
Hanover, PA 17331
Phone: 717-632-8448, ext. 8008

Email: [email protected]

*Author reprints are solely for the author’s personal, noncommercial use. For other uses, including use by an author’s employer, see under “commercial reprints” below.

Commercial reprints

Science and its sister journals contain some of the most highly cited and influential articles in the world. AAAS commercial reprints are a high-quality replica of the published article, available in both print and electronic formats. Specially designed covers and customization options are available. Commercial reprints are administered and produced by Rockwater Inc. For more information, please contact Beth Ann Rocheleau at 803-429-4933/[email protected].

Commercial reprints alerting service

If you would like to receive a weekly email alert highlighting recently published content of commercial interest, please go to our alerts page to sign up for the alert.

To have our agent monitor your alerts and notify you when new content is published that may be of interest to you, please contact Beth Ann Rocheleau at 803-429-4933 /[email protected].

Multiple article reprints

To reprint an entire supplement, please contact Beth Ann Rocheleau at 803-429-4933 /[email protected] for availability and pricing.

To combine various articles into a reprint collection, including sponsorship opportunities, please contact your regional sales representative or contact [email protected] for information regarding options and pricing.

Issue reprints

Complete issue reprints are not available, but we do offer individual back issues of Science for purchase.


Do I Need Permissions or Reprints?

If you wish to take material from Science’s journals or websites (figures, extracts, abstracts, even full-text articles) and incorporate them into new works (e.g., newsletters, journal articles, book chapters, posters, presentations, reports, film), you will need to obtain copyright permission. See the Special Permissions Request Guidelines section above for instructions on how to request permission to reproduce/republish material from Science’s journals and websites.

If you wish to distribute multiple copies of a single article to others for purposes other than scholarly/academic teaching purposes, contact our reprints service. Our reprints service will enable you to purchase print copies of individual articles as well as e-prints. Custom reprint options are also available.

Can I use AAAS material in a thesis or dissertation?

Yes, different criteria apply depending upon whether you are the author of the AAAS article being reproduced.


If you are the author of the AAAS article being reproduced, please refer to your License to Publish for rules on reproducing your paper in a dissertation or thesis.


AAAS permits the use of content published in its journals Science, Science Immunology, Science Robotics, Science Signaling, and Science Translational Medicine to be used in a thesis or dissertation, but only provided the following criteria are met:

  1. If you are using figure(s)/table(s), permission is granted for use in print and electronic versions of your dissertation or thesis.
  2. A full-text article may be used only in print versions of a dissertation or thesis. AAAS does not permit the reproduction of full-text articles in electronic versions of theses or dissertations.
  3. The following credit line must be printed along with the AAAS material: “From [Full Reference Citation]. Reprinted with permission from AAAS.”
  4. All required credit lines and notices must be visible any time a user accesses any part of the AAAS material and must appear on any printed copies that an authorized user might make.
  5. The AAAS material may not be modified or altered, with the exception that figures and tables may be modified with permission from the author. Author permission for any such changes must be secured prior to your use.
  6. AAAS must publish the full paper prior to your use of any of its text or figures.
  7. If the AAAS material covered by this permission was published in Science during the years 1974–1994, you must also obtain permission from the author, who may grant or withhold permission, and who may or may not charge a fee if permission is granted. See original article for author’s address. This condition does not apply to news articles.
  8. If you are an original author of the AAAS article being reproduced, please refer to your License to Publish for rules on reproducing your paper in a dissertation or thesis.
  9. Permission covers the distribution of your dissertation or thesis on demand by a third-party distributor (e.g., ProQuest/UMI), provided the AAAS material covered by this permission remains in situ and is not distributed by that third party outside of the context of your thesis/dissertation.
  10. Permission does not apply to figures/photos/artwork or any other content or materials included in your work that are credited to non-AAAS sources. If the requested material is sourced to or references non-AAAS sources, you must obtain authorization from that source as well before using that material. You agree to hold harmless and indemnify AAAS against any claims arising from your use of any content in your work that is credited to non-AAAS sources.
  11. By using the AAAS material identified in your request, you agree to abide by all the terms and conditions herein.
  12. AAAS makes no representations or warranties as to the accuracy of any information contained in the AAAS material covered by this permission, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose.

For Science Advances, if you are not the author of the article, you may use content published in Science Advances in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons (CC) license identified on the article; criteria items number 9 and 10 above also apply.

Questions about these terms can be directed to the AAAS Permissions Department at

When do I need permission to use Science journal content that is published with a Creative Commons license?

To determine whether your intended use of such content requires further permission from AAAS, please review the terms for the CC BY-NC or the CC BY licenses.

If you have questions about whether your intended use requires permission, please contact us at [email protected].

What commercial reprint options are available?

AAAS commercial reprints are high quality, with specially designed covers and customization options. The reprints are an exact replica of the published article. All reprints are printed double-sided on premium 70# glossy paper in multiples of 100 copies. Title-page covers may be included. These covers include the journal’s logo, article title, author name(s), and citation information. Alternatively, if not subject to copyright restrictions, the issue cover of the desired journal may be added for an additional fee.

Reprints are saddle stitched unless the article is three to four pages, in which case the reprint is folded. Customers may purchase standard reprints in black and white or in color. Articles containing color may be purchased in black and white, for which conversion charges will apply. Please be sure to carefully consider whether you can accept a color article in black and white.

Shrink wrapping in bundles is recommended and offered at a small additional cost.

Customization options are available at extra cost:

  • Disclaimer text and product codes
  • Product information
  • Company name and/or logo
  • Supplemental online material
  • Reproduction of the journal cover within which the article was published (when not restricted by copyright)

Orders can be shipped to more than one shipping location.

Standard reprints are shipped within 8–12 business days from proof approval. Rush schedule reprints are shipped within 5–7 business days from proof approval for an additional fee. Note: Customizations increase processing time.

Reprints are shipped via FedEx Standard Overnight or a comparable service. Note: FedEx does not ship to all countries and territories. For the most current information, see the FedEx website.

The price of reprints depends on the number of pages in the article, the number of reprints ordered, whether the reprints contain color, if additional permission needs to be secured, and whether you require any custom options such as the addition of your product information or logo.

Every reprint requires the approval of the customer prior to printing and billing. Proofs will be provided by our reprint vendor, or from an AAAS Commercial Reprints Representative.  For more information, please contact Beth Ann Rocheleau at 803-429-4933/[email protected].